We find merit in the contentions advanced by counsel for the State that it may not be viable and feasible for the State to incur Rs.15/- per cattle per day in terms of order dated 31.7.2008. Therefore, that part of the order shall remain in abeyance till the ground realities change and the State has the necessary economic capacity to lend financial support for the care of the Cows in the Gaushalas. We say so because the Hon'ble Apex Court, in Secretary to Government of Madras and another v. P.R. Sriramulu and Another' 1996 (1) SCC 345, has observed as under:
“15. As pointed out earlier with reference to the decisions of this Court, the State enjoys the widest latitude where measure of economic regulations are concerned. These measures for fiscal and economic regulation involve an evaluation of diverse and quite often conflicting economic criteria, adjustment and balancing of various conflicting social and economic values and interests. It is for the State to decide what economic and social policy it should pursue. It is settled law that in view of the inherent complexity of the fiscal adjustments, the courts give a large discretion to the legislature in the matter of its preferences of economic and social policies and effecuate the chosen system in all possible and reasonable ways.”
Relying upon Narmada Bachao Andolan v. Union of India (2000) 10 Supreme Court Cases 664, the Hon'ble Apex Court in Balco Employees Union (Regd.) v. Union of India and Others (2002) 2 Supreme Court Cases 333, reiterated the maxim “It is not for the Courts to consider the relative merits of different economic policies and consider whether a wiser or better one can be evolved”. Therefore, we grant liberty to the petitioners to file representation to the State Government detailing needs to provide necessary financial grant-in-aid in favour of the Gaushalas. A Division Bench of this Court in Jaswant Singh v. State of Haryana 2007(5) Recent Civil Reports 814 said “What is the public purpose is also the satisfaction of the State as it is its duty to undertake development works for the benefit of the society. This is the reason why public purpose constantly changes with the needs of the State and the society and like time never remains static”. Therefore, what amount is to be provided and when the same is to be disbursed is the sole prerogative of the State.